Those who have progressed past beginner French to an intermediate level should have learned basic everyday French vocabulary (such as common food items, animals, colors, numbers, and tourism-related words) and the present and past tense of the most common French verbs, especially avoir and être.

If you want to get to an intermediate level, the best way would be to concentrate on learning all of the common verb tenses, the most used grammatical structures (including pronoun placement) and expanding your vocabulary to 2,500-3,500 common words. Here are the main areas to focus on:

Intermediate French Grammar

The most effective way to learn French grammar at an intermediate level is to work through a comprehensive, advanced French book, and teach yourself the fundamentals of each grammar lesson, without going into depth in it. Then, as you approach an advanced level, you can teach yourself each concept in depth. Here are some major grammar concepts to focus on:

Verb Tenses

Learn all the common verb tenses. For past tense, you should know imparfait and passé composé and when to use each, along with plus-que-parfait. Also learn the conditionnel and futur tenses, as well as when to use each.

It’s also probably a good time to learn the subjunctive mood. The conjugations and usage are a bit harder to understand, but it’s used frequently in French, so it’s important to learn to use it at least adequately.

Other Grammar Goals

Make sure you’ve got adverbs and indirect and direct object usage down, as well as negation.

Intermediate French Vocabulary

We cover many vocabulary lists here (our post on 87 vital verbs may be especially useful), but an additional book or set of flashcards set is probably the most effective way to learn intermediate-level vocabulary.

  • Searching for vocabulary and making your own lists in a topic that interests you is a good way to keep up your motivation to expand your vocabulary.
  • Use either a French flashcard app online or buy or make your own flashcards to work on expanding your vocabulary. Most French learning books will teach you vocabulary as you progress in your lessons, or you can purchase a separate French vocabulary book to teach yourself.
  • Another technique is to read through a French novel aimed at grade-school aged children and write down every word you don’t recognize, and make flashcards for them or a list of them to study off of.
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